Chinese culture is generally a much bigger fan of itself than it is of the West, but it simultaneously assesses beauty according to Western norms. © 2021 Berkley Center for Religion, Peace & World Affairs, Berkley Center Contact Information Footer, Intercultural and Interreligious Dialogue, Cultural Entanglement: The Costs of Globalization in China. Speaking of Chinese culture, China is a country with an ancient civilization and a long history, and culture has always been an outstanding feature of its national strength. Firms can also outsource production to where environmental standards are less strict. It started with economic global­ization—spread of transnational corporations and global commodities, especially food and drinks items like pizza and coke, and dress material such as Levi jeans, Reebok and Nike shoes, etc. Try as it might, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) cannot reap the economic benefits of globalization while simultaneously isolating its citizens from new cultural, religious, and political traditions. Corporations in developed nations can gain a competitive edge through globalization. Political rhetoric aside, globalization has facilitated huge changes in China. T.H. I talked to some friends and Chinese students about the offer, but no one seemed surprised. 20007. Today, however, it is a $2.5 billion industry, and China now ranks third in the world for plastic surgery after the United States and Brazil. The greater mobility of capital means that countries have sought to encourage inward investment by offering the lowest corporation tax. Imagine thinking you are qualified to help people learn about globalization but not even knowing how to spell it. Eriksen, in International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2001. The Chinese public subscribes to a sense of self-appreciation that is implicitly agreed upon yet rarely vocalized. Before we even discuss the individuals who lost their lives because of cultural conflicts, let’s talk about the entire groups lost. The job, which involved promotion for a furniture store, required no previous experience; the only requirements were “Western looks.” It paid RMB 150 per hour, which translates to over $20 and is ridiculously high pay in China. It includes areas such as politics, history, faith, mentality, behaviour and lifestyle. While the CCP does not reflect the views of the general public, I have noticed a general sense of cultural superiority amongst the Chinese people. The socio-cultural environment of a nation plays an important role in molding the future generations. This has encouraged lower corporation tax, which leads to higher forms of other tax. The key to a robust cultural environment is to preserve the institutions that allow the search process to operate rather than trying to freeze cultural time. How Culture Has Cost Business Big. Hu Jintao addressed this issue last October at the sixth session of the 17th National Congress of the CCP: “Ideology and cultural fields are the focal areas of the hostile forces’ long-term infiltration efforts.”. This issue paper, Globalization and Cultural Diplomacy, is the fourth in the Art, Culture and the National Agenda series. This means countries can specialise in producing goods where they have a comparative advantage (this means they can produce goods at a lower opportunity cost). But sadly it depends on the side that you’re on. Globalisation is a complex and controversial issue. Status and beauty are an extremely important in China, and I found it ironic that so many people are paying for Western-looking features in an attempt to advance in Chinese society. Globalization is a process of growing exchange, interaction and integration between people, governments and private organizations across the globe. Investment by multinational companies can play a big role in improving the economies of developing countries. However, arguably the problem is not so much globalisation as a failure to set satisfactory environmental standards. Production is increasingly specialised. of course there are numerous advantages. Free trade can harm developing economies, Developing countries often struggle to compete with developed countries, therefore it is argued free trade benefits developed countries more. 2.5 Anthropology and the Contemporary World. Like many conservatives (I think), I tend to swing back and forth when thinking about free trade. What Are the Pros of Globalization? One of the effects of globalization is that it promotes and increases interactions between different regions and populations around the globe. Today China is experiencing power and prestige once again, and I have noticed a slight sense of superiority among many of the people with whom I’ve interacted; it’s not so much a bombastic arrogance, but rather an casual and matter-of-fact presumption of Chinese primacy. One could say that this is the cost of becoming a world power. But, the problem with free trade is that it leads to globalization. International trade, capital flows, migration, technological transfer and cultural exchanges are some of the typical manifestations of this process. Globalization is most often used in an economic context, but it also affects and is affected by politics and culture. I am wondering if there are any disadvantages to consumer because of globalization. I think you can tell what side I’m on. China in Chinese is Zhōngguó, which literally translates to "Middle Kingdom," reflecting the notion that China is the center of the world, the only civilized culture that existed. For example, the UK needed to recruit nurses from the far east to fill shortages. Ireland offers very low tax rate). It involves national economies becoming increasingly inter-related and integrated. Are those the only advantages of globalization on an economy? The easiest way to make the argument in favor of globalization is to look at the cost of culture in the 20th century. Increased integration of global trade cycle. It encourages free trade. Cultural globalization - Cultural globalization - The persistence of local culture: Underlying these various visions of globalization is a reluctance to define exactly what is meant by the term culture. Benefits and Problem with Globalization | Tae haeng Lee, Advantages and disadvantages of monopolies. Definition of Globalisation The process of increased integration and co-operation of different national economies. Globalization has given countries the ability to agree to free trade agreements like NAFTA, South Korea Korus, and The TPP. Have you ever been abroad? Wouldn’t cultures spread worldwide from globalisation. Critics of globalization call this "cultural imperialism," because the West promotes its culture as having more worth, or being more correct, than other regions' cultural values. Greater choice of goods, e.g food imports enable a more extensive diet. The moral costs of globalization and technology may in fact be benefits as people commit fewer brutal sex crimes. D.C. Rather, it is the natural result of China’s international engagement; you cannot sever the political and cultural effects of globalization from the economic ones. As I walked through my local mall, which caters primarily to Chinese customers, I noticed that the majority of advertisements, both for foreign and local stores, featured Western models. In all honesty, I cannot begin to explain the roots beneath the idealization of Western standards of beauty, especially in a society that is so confident in the quality of its own culture. Truth be told, I think there are many good arguments for it, some of which I’ve written about before.Adam Smith’s arguments in The Wealth of Nations are particularly thought-provoking. It has also contributed to increased pollution and global warming. Globalisation has led to increased economic and cultural hegemony. This means governments have to increase taxes on VAT and income tax. Eyelid surgery is by far the most popular procedure, and nose jobs come in at a distant second. This situation makes the Chinese people pay more attention to the Western festivals. Click the OK button, to accept cookies on this website. One problem of globalisation is that it has increased the use of non-renewable resources. There are obviously more concerns in China beyond changes in the standards of beauty and an increase in the number of plastic surgeries. This process of labour migration also helps reduce geographical inequality. Globalization, or globalisation (Commonwealth English; see spelling differences), is the process of interaction and integration among people, companies, and governments worldwide. Without borders in place, consumers can purchase items from anywhere in the world at a reduced cost. ” Latin American Perspectives 25.6 (1998): 52-54.Holton, Robert. While this attitude is widespread, many aspects of Western culture are idealized as symbols of status and beauty. The process of cultural globalization will inevitably lead to world culture full range of conflict in the world field “, occupy a leading global cultural transmission performance for the US-led Western culture in the position of the dominant culture. Related Intercultural and Interreligious Dialogue, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace & World Affairs, 3307 M Street NW, Suite 200 Globalization is seen as the intermixing of people, cultures, economies and technologies. At the same time, however, there is a puzzling idealization of certain aspects of Western culture. This greater specialisation enables lower average costs and lower prices for consumers. Charly Jaffe, Try as it might, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) cannot reap the economic benefits of globalization while simultaneously isolating its citizens from new cultural, religious, and political traditions. We use British-English not American-English, How is less cultural diversity a cost of globalisation. The following examples demonstrate how a lack of cultural sensitivity led to failure. “Globalization’s Cultural Consequences.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 570 (2000): 140-152.McIntosh, Ian. The domination of news media and Internet services by Western companies, helps maintain this influence over local views, according to … Globalization is the spread of products, technology, information, and jobs across nations. When countries specialise there will be several gains from trade: Increased labour migration gives advantages to both workers and recipient countries. China has a very long collective memory, and the historical basis for its sense of Sino superiority dates far back into the age of the emperors. However, developing countries are often harmed by tariff protection, that western economies have on agriculture. Globalisation has also enabled increased levels of investment. By: Social science will detail (Stiglitz does too) how developed countries have profited off the poor, even via aid agencies and finance institutions such as the World Bank, IMF and WTO, who are supposed to be acting in developing countries best interests. This is a look at some of the main benefits and costs associated with the greater globalisation of the world economy. It refers to the export, import, sharing, repurposing and adapting of values, ideas, norms, common sense, lifestyles, language, behaviors, and practices on a global scale. Many point to the host of technological and intellectual advancements that originated in China, and the fact that foreign invaders adapted to the Chinese culture rather than imposing their own, is used as evidence for Sino superiority. 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